Horsham Photographers ( B-G )
Click here to return to Home Page
Professional Photographers in Horsham ( B - G )
Thomas Charles BAYFIELD - Mrs Elizabeth BAYFIELD - William Henry BRIGDEN - Jesse & Charles BROWN - Ernest CHART - Mr W. CLARK of West Street - James GOLDSWORTHY
Thomas Charles BAYFIELD (1830-1880)
active as a photographer in Horsham from 1863 to 1880
Mrs Elizabeth BAYFIELD (1835-1907)
active as a photographer in Horsham from 1880 to around 1882
|Thomas Charles Bayfield was born
in London on 27th October 1830, the son of Thomas and Louisa Bayfield.
Thomas Charles Bayfield was baptised at St Andrew's Church, Holborn on
22nd November 1830. By 1861, Thomas Bayfield was married and was living
in Maidstone, Kent with his wife Elizabeth. When Thomas and Elizabeth
Bayfield arrived in Horsham around 1863 they had two children, a boy
named Thomas William Bayfield and a young daughter, Louisa
Maria Bayfield (born 1861, Maidstone). Sadly, young Thomas
Bayfield died soon after the family's arrival in Horsham in 1863.
It appears that when Thomas Charles Bayfield first arrived in Horsham around 1863, he worked from a mobile photographic studio. On the front page of the first copy of Horsham's earliest newspaper, the Horsham Mercury, issued on Saturday, 25th June 1864, there is an advertisement for Bayfield's "Photographic Carriage", where the photographer produced "carte-de-visite portraits". Bayfield eventually established a permanent photographic portrait studio in Horsham's North Street (the studio was later numbered No 30 North Street), where he remained until his death some 15 years later.
Around 1865, Mrs Elizabeth Bayfield gave birth to a daughter named Alice Maud. At least eight more Bayfield children were born in Horsham - Maria Lydia (born 1867), Maude Helena (born 1869), Annie (born 1870), Ada (born 1871), Flora (born 1873), Kate (born 1875), Charles (born 1877) and Cecil Edward Bayfield (born 1880). Not all of these children would reach adulthood. Cecil Edward Bayfield died before his first birthday. Maria Lydia Bayfield disappears from records before the 1871 census was taken and Charles Bayfield, the sole surviving son, was to die in 1893 before reaching his sixteenth birthday.
Thomas C. Bayfield was the leading studio photographer in Horsham from the mid 1860s to the end of the 1870s. Bayfield billed himself as a portrait and landscape photographer and it is likely that he was responsible for many of the photographic views of Horsham that were produced in the late 1860s and 1870s. Bayfield is known to have photographed the children of William Pirie, the Headmaster of Collyer's School, Horsham, and he might have been behind the camera when photographs of the masters and boys at Collyer's School were taken in the 1860s and 1870s. The earliest known photograph of the west front of Collyer's School, dating from around 1868, is possibly the work of Bayfield.
Thomas Charles Bayfield died in Horsham in 1880 at the age of 50. [ Bayfield's death was registered in Horsham during the fourth quarter of 1880 ]. His widow, Mrs Elizabeth Bayfield, with the assistance of her eldest daughter, Louisa Bayfield, ran her late husband's studio until around 1882. In the 1881 census, Mrs Elizabeth Bayfield is recorded at 30 North Street and is described as a "Photographer", aged 46. Twenty year old Louisa C. Bayfield also gives her occupation as "Photographer"
By the time the 1901 census was taken, Mrs Elizabeth Bayfield had retired and was "Living on Own Means" in Islington, London. At this date, Louisa Bayfield was working as a photographic artist in Bournemouth.
Photographs from the studio of Thomas C. Bayfield of North Street, Horsham
|[ABOVE ] A vignette portrait of a young man, a carte-de-visite by Thomas C. Bayfield of North Street, Horsham (c1872).||[ABOVE ] The trade plate of Thomas C. Bayfield, Photographer, North Street, Horsham (c1874)||[ABOVE ] A portrait of a young woman, a carte-de-visite by Thomas C. Bayfield of North Street, Horsham (c1874).|
|[ABOVE ] A portrait of a young woman, a carte-de-visite by Thomas C. Bayfield of North Street, Horsham (c1878).||[ABOVE ] A vignette portrait of a young man, a carte-de-visite by Thomas C. Bayfield of North Street, Horsham (c1875).||[ABOVE ] A portrait of a young woman, a carte-de-visite by Thomas C. Bayfield of North Street, Horsham (c1874).|
|[ABOVE] An oval-framed portrait of John Bolwell (1851-1920), a carte-de-visite by Thomas C. Bayfield of North Street, Horsham (c1875). John Bolwell was born in Devizes, Wiltshire, in 1851, but he worked as a School Master in Horsham for many years. When he married Bertha Ann O'Connor at Horsham in 1875, John Bolwell was employed as a Board School Teacher in New Shoreham, Sussex. In 1882, John Bolwell and his family settled in Horsham, where Bolway found employment as a school teacher. In 1899 John Bolwell was the Master of the Trafalgar Road Board School in Horsham. By 1911, John Bolwell was the Master of Horsham's Victory Road Public Elementary School. John Bolwell died in Horsham in 1920 at the age of 68.||[ABOVE] A carte-de-visite portrait of Mrs Bertha Ann Bolwell (1852-1928), the wife of John Bolwell, a Horsham School Master, photographed by Thomas C. Bayfield of North Street, Horsham around 1875. Mrs Bolwell was born Bertha Ann O'Connor in London in 1852. Bertha Ann O'Connor married John Bolwell (1851-1920) at Horsham in 1875. Bertha gave birth to at least seven children - Edith Elizabeth (born 1876), Cecilia Sarah (born 1880), Evelyn May (born 1881), Wilhelmina Amy (born 1883),William John (born 1885), Adeline Bessie (born 1889) and Edred James Bolwell (born 1892). At least five of these children became school teachers, including Wilhelmina Amy Bolwell and William John Bolwell pictured below.|
William Henry BRIGDEN
active as a photographer in Horsham from 1900 to 1903
William Henry Brigden was born in
Worthing, Sussex in 1855. [ Birth registered in Worthing during the 3rd
Quarter of 1855]. By 1881, William Brigden was lodging at
George Sabin's lodging house at 5 Denmark Place, Hastings. The 1881
census return describes William Brigden as the manager of a printing,
stationery and bookselling business and gives his age as twenty-five.
William Brigden also informed the census enumerator that he was a
"Wesleyan Local Preacher". Not long after the 1881 census was taken,
William Henry Brigden married Mrs Sarah Elizabeth Horner (born c1846,
Stepney, London), a thirty-five year old widow. [Marriage registered in
Greenwich during the June Quarter of 1881].
W. H. Brigden's Carfax Studio
Around 1900, William Henry Brigden acquired the photographic studio of John Hicks at No.18 Richmond Terrace, Carfax, Horsham (later listed in directories simply as 18 Carfax). The 1901 census records William H. Brigden as a forty-five year old "Photographer (Employer)". William H. Brigden was in business at 18 Richmond Terrace for only a few years and by 1905 the Carfax Studio was in the hands of Henry Thomas Healey (born 1862, Bath, Somerset).
[ABOVE ] A vignette portrait of Wilhelmina Amy Bolwell, a carte-de-visite photograph by W. H. Brigden of the Carfax Studio, Horsham (c1902). Wilhelmina Amy Bolwell was born in Horsham in 1883 and was the sister of William Bolwell, pictured on the right. Wilhelmina Bolwell was one of the daughters of Bertha and John Bolwell, a school master in Horsham. When this portrait was taken, Wilhelmina was working as a "Pupil Teacher", as was her younger brother William. Two of Wilhelmina's sisters, Edith and Cecilia were employed as Assistant Schoolmistresses in 1901. Wilhelmina Bolwell married George Richard Bignell of Ditchling, Sussex in 1915. Inscribed in ink on the reverse of the carte are the words "Wilhelmina Bolwell (Mrs Bignell)"
[ABOVE ] A vignette portrait of William John Bolwell, a carte-de-visite photograph by W. H. Brigden of the Carfax Studio, Horsham (c1902). William John Bolwell, the son of local school master John Bolwell, was born in Horsham in 1885 and died in the town in 1922, aged 36. John Bolwell, William's father, was the Master of the Trafalgar Road Board School in Horsham in 1899. By 1911, John Bolwell was the Master of Horsham's Victory Road Public Elementary School. When this photograph was taken, William Bolwell was employed as a "Pupil Teacher", probably working alongside his father in the Trafalgar Road Board School. Inscribed in ink on the reverse of the carte are the words "William Bolwell died 1922"
The Carfax Studio, Horsham
[ABOVE] A detail from the photograph on the right, showing the business premises of William Henry Brigden at No 18 Richmond Terrace, Carfax, Horsham, known as the Carfax Studio.
[ABOVE] Richmond Terrace, Horsham, a row of buildings that lines one side of Horsham's Carfax, as shown in this photograph taken around 1902. The Carfax is an open space in the centre of Horsham where North Street, West Street, East Street, and the London Road meet. The Carfax was a popular meeting place and in the nineteenth century was the site for summer fairs and open air concerts. The bandstand in the middle of the picture was erected in 1891. [LEFT] A detail from the photograph above, showing the business premises of William Henry Brigden at No 18 Richmond Terrace, Carfax, Horsham, known as the Carfax Studio.
The Carfax Studio, Horsham
|The building at No 18
Richmond Terrace, Carfax*,
Horsham (also known as 18, Carfax ) was the site of a photographic
portrait studio from about 1885 until 1918 and beyond. John Hicks,
a photographer from Eastbourne, acquired the studio around 1885. Hicks
remained at 18 Richmond Terrace until around 1900, when he sold the
Carfax Studio to William Henry Brigden. For a short time, John
Hicks worked at a studio attached to his home address at 15 East Street,
Horsham, but by 1902 Hicks had moved to a new studio in Bexhill-on-Sea.
William Henry Brigden was in business as a photographer at 18 Richmond Terrace, Carfax until about 1904. The Carfax Studio then passed to Henry T. Healey, who after a year or so sold the photography business to William Hobbs.
William Hobbs worked as a photographer at 18, Carfax, Horsham from 1907 until his death in 1911 at the age of fifty-one. William Hobbs' widow, Mrs J. Hobbs took over the running of the Carfax Studio, but by 1918 it was in the hands of a rival Horsham photographer Arthur Lyle.
* The name Carfax is thought to be derived from the Latin word quadrifurcus meaning "four-forked" - a place where four roads meet. Carfax is generally used to describe an intersection of main roads at the centre of a town. However, there is some evidence to suggest that the Carfax in Horsham originates from the name 'Skarfolkes', an Old English term to describe the open area in the centre of a town. (In a document dating from the middle of the 16th century, the ancient place name of Skarfolkes is actually spelt 'Scarfax' ). It has been suggested that that name 'Scarfolkes' means " an open space devoid of homes and people" , literally "scarce of folke" ( from the Old English word 'folc' [or folk] meaning 'people' ).
Jesse Fox Brown & Charles BROWN
active as photographers in Horsham from around 1870 to 1873
|Jesse Fox Brown and
his brother Charles Brown came from Nottinghamshire. Jesse Fox Brown,
the elder of the two, was born in Basford, Nottinghamshire
on 4th April 1833, the son of Charles Brown and Hannah Fox. Jesse Fox
Brown was baptised at the Weslyan Methodist Chapel, Mount Street,
New Basford on 9th July 1833. Charles Brown was born in Basford in 1837.
Jesse Brown and Charles Brown operated a photographic studio in Horsham's North Street around 1870. The partnership of Jesse & Charles Brown is listed with a studio address of North Street, Horsham, under the heading of "Photographers" in the Trades Section of Kelly's 1870 Post Office Directory for Sussex. Jesse Brown was active as a photographer in Horsham until his death early in 1873, at the age of 39 [ death registered in Horsham during the first quarter of 1873].
After the death of his brother, Charles Brown left Horsham and by the time the 1881 census was taken he and his wife Susan (born c1846, Waterstock, Oxfordshire) were living in Tetcott, Devon. In 1881, Charles Brown was employed as a butler in domestic service. By 1901, Charles Brown was living in Tynemouth, Northumberland and working as a boot repairer.
[ABOVE] An early 19th century map of Horsham showing the four main streets- West Street, North Street, South Street and East Street radiating out from the central open area of the Carfax. The photographers Jesse Brown and Charles Brown worked from a studio in North Street, Horsham. In 1870, competition came from Thomas C. Bayfield, also based in North Street, and William Henry Gilbert Tate in South Street.
Ernest Frank CHART (born 1884, Horsham, Sussex)
active as a photographer in Horsham from 1901 to about 1911
Ernest Frank Chart was born in Horsham in 1884 and was the son of Amos Chart, a corn and coal merchant, and his second wife Ellen Ellis. [ Ernest Frank Chart's birth was registered in Horsham during the second quarter of 1884 ]. Ernest's father, Amos Chart (born 1837, Nuthurst, Sussex) was originally a farmer and road surveyor in the Mannings Heath area of Nuthurst in Sussex. On 11th October 1864, Amos Chart married Mary Ann Stone (born c1835) in Nuthurst. Amos and Mary Ann Chart produced at least four sons between 1864 and 1879 - George (born 1865), Frederick (born 1867), Amos (1869-1887), and John (born 1871). Amos Chart's first wife, Mary Ann, died in 1879 at the age of 44. In the third quarter of 1881, forty-four year old Amos Chart married Ellen Ellis (born 1860, Lewes), the twenty-one year old daughter of Thomas and Rebecca Ellis, a couple who ran a grocery and draper's shop in Clayton, Sussex.
By 1890, Amos Chart was set up in business as a Corn and Coal Merchant in Horsham. Amos Chart had a large store in Horsham at 39 North Street and 48 Park Street. In the 1901 census return, Amos Chart is recorded at 39 North Street, Horsham with his second family, consisting of his wife Ellen and their five children - Olive, aged 18, Ernest, aged 16, Arthur, aged 11, Herbert, aged 8, and three year old Percy.
In the 1901 census, Ernest Frank Chart is described as a sixteen year old "Photographer's Assistant". Ernest was presumably employed by one of the four photographic studios operating in Horsham at that time - Mrs Matilda Aubrey of 41 West Street, William Brigden of the Carfax Studio, John Hicks of 15e East Street, or John Wheeler of 50 North Street. By 1904, twenty year old Ernest Chart was taking photographic portraits under his own name, probably at his father's premises in North Street. At the start of his career as a portrait photographer, young Ernest would write his name and business details in ink on a blank carte-de-visite. As Ernest Chart was in business as a professional photographer in Horsham for at least two years, he would eventually have had to order a supply of cartes with his studio details printed on the mount. Around 1906, Ernest Chart formed the firm of Chart & Co. and took over Mrs Aubrey's old studio at 41 West Street. The studio of Chart & Co. continued in Horsham until around 1907, when the studio premises at 41 West Street, Horsham passed to the Acme Photo Company. By 1910, the photographic studio at 41 West Street, Horsham was in the hands of the photographer Arthur Lyle (born 1876, Stratton, Cornwall), who ran the business under the trading name of The London & Counties Studio until 1927. Ernest Frank Chart persevered with his photographic career. In the 1911 census, Ernest Chart is recorded in Horsham as a "Photographer's Assistant" and in 1915 he is listed with his own photographic studio in Durrington, near Bulford, in Wiltshire.
[ABOVE ] Portrait of Esme Nora Cook of Horsham, photographed by Ernest Frank Chart in May 1904. Esme Nora Cook was born in Horsham in 1889 and died at the age of 15 on 24th June 1904, a month after this photograph was taken. Inscribed in pencil on the back of this carte-de-visite portrait is the following inscription : " To Dora, - Esme Norah, Photographed May 1904 - Fell Asleep June 24th 1904".
[ABOVE ] The trade plate of Chart & Co. of 41 West Street, Horsham, taken from a cabinet portrait of an unknown woman (c1906). [SEE RIGHT]
[IMAGE : Courtesy of Colin Preston]
[ABOVE ] A cabinet portrait of an unknown woman produced by Chart & Co. of 41 West Street, Horsham, (c1906). The photograph is a later copy of an older portrait photograph which dates from the 1860s.
[PHOTO : Courtesy of Colin Preston]
|William CLARK (1831-1904) - active as a photographer in Horsham between 1860 and 1862||
|William Clark was born in 1831 in
Hampshire, a small market town 6 miles east of Southampton. William
Clark was christened in Botley on 3rd April 1831, the baptism
register recording his parents as Elizabeth and William Clark, a miller.
William's father, William Clark senior, worked as a miller in
Botley for a number of years. [The 1844 edition of Pigot & Co.'s "Directory
of Hampshire" lists William Clark and James Clark,
presumably William Clark senior's brother, as "Millers" of
Botley]. William White's "Directory of Hampshire and the Isle of
Wight", published in 1859, describes William and James Clark as corn
millers, corn merchants and dealers in coal, slate etc. It appears that
around this time, William Clark senior also established a firm of
"brewers and maltsters" in Winchester. White's 1859 "Directory
of Hampshire" lists William Clark & Son of Botley as "brewers,
maltsters and spirit merchants" with business premises at 2
Eastgate, Winchester. There is evidence that William Clark junior
managed his father's business in Winchester.
Around 1856, William Clark married a young woman named Sarah, who originated from Corton Denham in Somerset. The newly weds settled in Winchester, where William Clark was probably managing his father's brewery and wine merchants' shop. Early in 1858, Elizabeth gave birth to a baby daughter named Jessie Elizabeth Clark [The birth of Jessie Elizabeth Clark was registered in Winchester during the 1st Quarter of 1858]. Rosa Clark, William and Elizabeth's second daughter, was born in Winchester during the 1st Quarter of 1859.
William Clark probably arrived in Horsham between 1859 and 1860. [ Melville & Co.'s "Directory and Gazetteer of Sussex" of 1858, lists a "William Clark" as a "Shopkeeper" in North Street, Horsham, but this is probably a different "William Clark", as William and Sarah Clark were residing in Winchester between 1858 and 1859 ]. William Clark is entered in the 1859 edition of The Post Office Directory for Sussex as a "grocer & provision merchant & agent to the Royal Insurance Company" with a shop in Horsham's West Street.
In May 1860, a series of notices appeared in the West Sussex Gazette, advertising "Clark's Horsham Portrait Gallery" in West Street. The text of the newspaper advertisement read as follows:
In June 1860, William Clark, announced that he had taken over the grocery business at West Street, Horsham, near the Swan Inn. William Clark is not listed as a photographer in Horsham in trade directories published around this time, but we know he was still taking photographs as some stereoscopic cards featuring views of Horsham and embossed with the trade plate "W. Clark, Photographic Artist, Horsham" have survived from this period of his career. [See the examples of William Clark's stereo cards on the right and below].
When the 1861 census was taken, William Clark was recorded as a twenty-nine year old "Grocer" residing at a shop in West Street, Horsham, with his wife Sarah Clark, and their two daughters, Jessie, aged 3, and two year old Rosa.
Around 1862, William Clark left Horsham to take over a photographic studio in Brighton. From 1862 until 1884, William Clark is recorded as the proprietor of a photographic portrait studio at 59 North Street, Brighton.
During his long stay in Brighton, William Clark fathered three more children - two girls and a boy. Florence May Clark was born in Brighton during the 2nd Quarter of 1863, but was not baptised at Brighton's St Nicholas Church until 16th October 1864. Another daughter, Sarah Clark, arrived in 1867 and was baptised at 24th November 1867. When the census was taken on 2nd April 1871, the enumerator lists five children living at William Clark's house at 18 Cannon Place, Brighton - Jessie (aged 13), Rosa (aged 12), Florence (aged 7), William (aged 6), and Sarah Clark (aged 4). The 1871 census return indicates that the son, William Clark junior, was born to William and Sarah Clark in 1864 or 1865, yet he is not recorded with his parents when the census was taken 10 years later. [ William Clark junior's fate is unclear. A William Thomas Clark died in Brighton in 1874 at the age of 9, but "William Clark" is a fairly common name and so this might not be the son of William Clark the photographer ].
William Clark was the proprietor of a photographic portrait studio at 59 North Street, Brighton for over 20 years. Around 1885, William Clark, together with his wife and two unmarried daughters, Florence and Sarah, moved to Wandsworth in South London, where he continued to work as a photographer. The 1891 census records William Clark as a sixty-year old "Photographer" living with his wife and daughters at 40 Haldon Road, Wandsworth. By 1901, William Clark had retired from photography and was deriving an income from letting out apartments. William Clark died in Wandsworth, South London, in 1904 at the age of 73.
James Thomas GOLDSWORTHY (born 1843, Bristol)
active as a photographer in Horsham in 1860
|James Thomas Goldsworthy was born in Bristol in 1843. In 1878, James Goldsworthy was operating a photographic studio in South Street, Great Torrington, Devon. By the time the 1881 census was taken, James Goldsworthy was living with his 24 year old wife on the High Street of Great Bookham, Surrey. James Goldsworthy is entered on the 1881 census return as an "Artist", aged 38. The following year, Kelly's Sussex Directory for 1882 lists James Goldsworthy as a photographer at 20 St. Leonard's Road, Horsham. Goldsworthy's stay in Horsham was brief and he was not listed as a photographer in the next edition of Kelly's Directory of Sussex.||
[ABOVE] James Goldsworthy listed as photographer at 20 St Leonard's Road, Horsham in the 1882 edition of Kelly's Directory of Sussex.
Notes on Horsham Photographers & Examples of their Work
|Edwin AUBREY (aka Cocking) - Henry AUBREY (aka Cocking) - Mrs Matilda AUBREY - Thomas C. BAYFIELD - Mrs Elizabeth BAYFIELD - William Henry BRIGDEN - Jesse & Charles BROWN - Ernest CHART - Mr CLARK of West Street - James GOLDSWORTHY - Henry T. HEALEY - John HICKS - William HOBBS - Henry HOCKING - James LLOYD - Arthur LYLE - Henry PADWICK (amateur) - Louis C. PIERRE - Arthur PIPER - Thomas S. ROBINSON - Mr RUSSELL of West Street - Herbert SALMON - William Henry Gilbert TATE - William WALLER - Edward WALTON - John WHEELER|
|Thanks to Ian Mason Hill for providing the images of the stereo view photographs by William Clark. Ian has also kindly supplied a number of early photographs by Thomas Honywood of Horsham which appear elsewhere on this website. I am also grateful to Ian Shankland who provided information which confirmed that W. Clark of Horsham was identical to the Hampshire-born photographer William Clark, who operated a photographic studio in Brighton between 1862 and 1884.|
Click here to return to Home Page